Part 3 – The History of Conflicts

The Vikings and Templars in the Americas.

The sailors continued their expeditions to the new world.

The Renaissance, a new birth thanks to the oriental knowledge of Constantinople

The fall of Constantinople in 1453

The starting point for the renaissance in our Western civilization was the fall of Constantinople under the Ottoman assaults in 1453, when Greek and Eastern scholars had to leave the city to settle in Ravenna, Venice or Milan.

This period for Europe is called the Renaissance, a new birth thanks to the knowledge of the East, that is expurgated in the West by the Roman papacy but preserved by the monks at Cluny, Cîteaux, Clairvaux and by the order of the Templars destroyed more than a century before, that is still present also in the East until the end of Constantinople and repatriated to Northern Italy.

The Hundred Years’ War is over, but both countries are bearing the tragic consequences in political, economic and social terms. The most striking historical fact of this period was the resumption of the direct maritime route to the American continent. Politically, the King of France tried to give his country an economic and cultural boost like that of the cathedral era, but without a royal fleet, he could not participate in the development of trade. It must be content with cultural achievements, which is insufficient to raise the material and health standard of living of a people.

The temple fleet in Portugal continues its journeys to the New World

The Templar fleet had left France for Scotland and especially Portugal, if not for the Americas. We presented the three waves of arrivals of the Vikings and then the Templars in North America. These lands served as a refuge at the end of the Order of the Temple.

Between 1450 and 1500, we have seen a disastrous record in Europe. Supporters of the organization of cathedrals in networks were considerably weakened in France and Joan of Arc’s intervention was above all a political failure. However, a new breath will come from the country where the Temple Fleet and the Knights of the Temple took refuge in large numbers after 1307: Portugal.

The descendants of the Templars will pursue maritime enterprises from the ports of Portugal, first to Africa, in a public and official manner. But from Portugal, the maritime route from Iceland to North America and the region of the new Iroquois confederation, then to Central America and the Inca Empire, is much more complicated. It is necessary to reopen the direct maritime route despite its danger zones either due to lack of wind or due to hurricanes.

The official reopening of the maritime route to the Americas.

What do we know about Christopher Columbus’ story?

That he had married the daughter of a Grand Master of the Order of Christ who, in Portugal, had succeeded the Order of the Temple.

That he had great difficulty in convincing the powerful of the time to go across the seas to discover a new continent by following the morning star, this star called the Merica from ancient Egypt, a name taken up by the spiritual communities that maintained ancient knowledge such as that of Qoumrâne, that of the Nazoreans of the church of Jerusalem, that later of the Templar soldier monks! And this morning star in the new world, the much sought-after continent, is also, in ours, the evening star, the blue planet of the ancients, the star symbol of the oldest knowledge about the origin of human knowledge.

Christophe Colomb
Christophe Colomb

Maps used by Columbus

Map of the Templars

However Christopher Columbus secretly consulted the map of the Templars in the Tesouraria where the King of Portugal kept his secret archives and which included the documents brought by the Templar fleet after the destruction of the order by Philip the Fair. This map, found by Columbus, is exactly the unknown continent and contains the Vinland route, that is, North America, as well as the complete route of South America with the Strait.

This map was made in Dieppe, Normandy using geographic data from the Norwegian Vikings who had colonized Vinland and the Danish Vikings who had carved out an empire in South America. It is possible that these Viking navigators have only continued the maritime routes of the North Atlantic and the route of the trade winds already undertaken by the Egyptians, the Phoenicians and the Romans because the remains of the presence of these navigators are constantly being discovered in North and South America just as certain products of the Americas are already found in the graves of ancient Egypt such as cocaine in the hair of mummies while coca has always been considered a plant living only in South or Central America.

In the 10th century, the Danish Vikings had already spent some twenty years in Mexico before going to found, in Peru, the Tiahuanaco empire, the Incas of which would be the descendants, while at the same time the Irish had already established themselves firmly in the Philadelphia region of North America. In the library of the Countess of Toledo, the red Countess imprisoned under Franco and descendant of an old family from the 12th century, finds a description of the rivers of South America: Amazon, Orinoco, dating from thirty years before Columbus’ voyage.

Map of Toscanelli, physicist of Florence

Besides this map from the Order of the Temple, Columbus also received a copy of the map of the Florentine physicist Paolo del Pezzo Toscanelli. On June 25, 1474, Toscanelli sent a map of the country to the Portuguese canon Fernâo Martins (or Roritz), where he had drawn the road “leading to India by the western ocean”, with an indication of the places, poles, equatorial line and distances.

Maps and comments were to the final destination of King Alfonso I and there are good reasons to think that the sovereign, on the basis of Toscanelli’s theses, sent several times to “Brazil” pilots who brought him gold and precious stones.

Sailors in retreat on the island of Madeira

These transatlantic seamen had to retire to the island furthest away from the empire, Madeira, where, coincidentally, Columbus in 1474 went to marry the senorita Perestrello or Palestrello, daughter of one of these pilots and heir to his maps and documents.

Shortly after he had in his possession the cards of the deceased, Columbus abandoned his wife, Felipa Perestrello, and fled Porto-Santo with his son Diego.

According to Pedro Vasquez de la Frontera, a Portuguese ship went to the unknown islands of the Ponant. The pilot returned alone alive and died at the home of Bartholomeu Perestrello’s widow where he recounted his trip and left documents. In short, Columbus used all means to seize the cards that were circulating secretly. His correspondence with Toscanelli was supposedly invented by him to try to mask the theft of the map in the Tesouraria.

Columbus surrounds himself with the best sailors who have already made the travel to the New World

Columbus also managed to surround himself with seasoned sailors who had already made the trip. In 1488, Jean Cousin, originally from Dieppe, four years before Columbus’s voyage, discovered Brazil and doubled the Cape of Good Hope (ten years before Vasco de Gama). He discovered the mouth of a great river which he named Maragnon and which was later called the Amazon River. According to Pierre Margy, author of: “French navigators and the maritime revolution, from the 14th to the 16th century”, “Vicente Yanez Pinzon would have been the second of Jean Cousin’s ship.”

“Martin Pinzon came from Rome when he met Columbus.

It is almost certain that Pinzon had just consulted at the Pontifical Library maps and travel relations to the land of Winland made by the Greenlandic Christian messengers who, in 1110, came to Rome.

In 1327, Greenland still paid its tithe to the Crusades. It is impossible to think that these messengers did not tell the pope about their expeditions and conquests in the “land of the vine”, beyond the ocean.

Brothers Martin-Alonzo and Vincent Pinzon armed the three naves of the expedition for Columbus: the Pinta, the Nina and the Santa Maria by the navigator Juan de la Cosa. Never would the navies have crossed the Atlantic if the Pinzons had not taken command of the crews.

The ocean crossing was long : the sailors, after having exceeded the 700 leagues planned by “Admiral” Christopher Columbus, realized that the latter was a poor navigator, unable to take stock, provided with cards full of errors, especially unable to give an order that could be decently approved. They often grumbled and even talked about throwing the comedy admiral overboard.

Columbus, when the mutiny broke out, was indeed ready to die bravely, perhaps about to turn around, but Martin Pinzon once again saved the situation.”

source of this relationship: Magic and Christopher Columbus, in “The Book of His Books”, Robert Charroux, at chez Robert Laffont, 1985.

The first trip to the West Indies

On his first voyage, Pinzon let Columbus discover the islands of the West Indies, while he set off alone with a ship to explore other lands. When he came back, Columbus reproached him, but Pinzon did not tell him the road he had taken. We can understand that Pinzon made the way back to the mouths of the Orinoco and Amazon rivers, which allow access to the interior of the South American continent and that the Templars like the Vikings had used to transport gold and silver from Peru and the Tiahuanaco region.

les trois caravelles de Colomb

The personal motivations of Columbus, the merchant.

What were the browser’s personal motivations: was he defending the order templier and wanted to give it a new official existence? Was he just looking for gold? Did he understand only part of the case and was he wrong about the rest?

The end of this navigator’s life leaves these questions in the air.

The child who grew up in Genoa understood that the fall of Constantinople was the cause of the closure of the trade route to India and China and the cause of the ruin of Italian traders. Columbus understood that a new road to India was needed to restore the trade that had made Italian cities, especially his hometown, rich.

It is inconceivable that the young Columbus in his search for maps and in his works did not take note of the history of the crossings to the new world, the history of the Vikings and the Templars. Crossing the Atlantic and reopening trade with the Inca empire, going back to the Andean Cordillera to exploit again the gold and silver mines represented a much more motivating cause than that of going to trade with Indian or Chinese merchants who are familiar with all the strings of trade. There was the possibility of owning fabulous wealth that you couldn’t get in India or China.

But this lure for profit was met with powerful political interests in Europe and an outright ban on the papacy because of the Templar refugees there.

The monks were allowed to return to the American continent.

In the history of Columbus, we know that he received authorization from the Queen of Spain after the Moors were defeated in Granada. On 2 January 1492, the surrender of Boabdil, the last offshoot of the Nasrid dynasty, ended the Muslim kingdom of Granada. The Muslim presence in Spain, which lasted seven to eight centuries, is finished.

With this victory, the queen of Spain was able to monetize it to the pope and demand access to the riches of the Americas.

The kingdoms established after this victory over the Moors could now dispense with the Knight Orders. The Cid is no longer a knight but a soldier of the royal army. We also know that it was monks who convinced the Queen of Spain to finally receive Columbus to authorize her expedition. The monks knew that it was time to reopen the direct maritime route to the Americas and they must have been very curious to know the fate of the Templars who had taken refuge there.

Columbus could bring them the money from Mexico again and thus the monastic orders would have the means to restore the knights orders to protect them in a new network organization of the European peoples.

The royal victory over the Moors should not have signaled the dawn of a new royal absolutism in Spain as it had been in France. Columbus had to go and get the gold from Peru and Bolivia and the silver from Mexico again.

An agreement between the monastic orders and the victorious Spanish king of the Moors was conceivable to counter the papacy and its inquisition still hunting against all temple traces. The monks surrounded Columbus with the best pilots available for this expedition and the expedition succeeded. Except that Columbus did not really discover Mexico and had to make do with a few shores without interests on a few islands of quite minor geopolitical importance compared to the nearby Inca empire.

The Papacy is blocking this maritime expedition

For Christopher Columbus, the major obstacle was the papacy’s authorization, because the navigator claimed loud and clear that he wanted to go to this new continent, while the navigators of the time were content to sail officially farther and farther around Africa, or more or less in secret, to sail to Newfoundland and North and South America.

The papacy refused because she had heard of the American Templar Company and knew that the history of the Mercy threw down the Bible-based dogmas of the Church.

The papacy also knew how the cathedrals had been financed, and that neither the kings nor the pope had mastered the source of wealth that had transformed Europe and undermined the powers of the kings and the pope.

The money imported by the Templar fleet had been captured by merchants and bankers in Venice, and speculation about gold and silver between Florence and Venice had caused the European financial crisis of 1345, as we have seen.

The prohibition of the Church of Rome was therefore double to prevent a new political organization descending from the Templars from being reestablished, because in the Americas there was knowledge and money, in short everything needed to reestablish a political, economic and social organization contrary to the systems of power that ruled Europe at that time.

It was necessary for Columbus to steal the maps that spoke of this continent in order to bend Isabella of Castile and obtain from her official authorization to leave as well as protection from the papacy. Why all these security measures?

Because it is almost certain that Columbus, like so many other navigators, had been to Thule and North America and that he knew that the maritime route that had to be reopened was the direct route through the Azores to Central and South America, lands of colonization and source of wealth of the Vikings and Templars. That it was necessary to follow the star of the Merica again as the Templars did and no longer the North Atlantic route.

The papacy knew this direct route

Because the papacy knew this direct route: a monk-bishop, Saint Brandan, accompanied by Saint Malo, recounted in his navigation, his journey between 536 and 552 in America, to Cuba.

Because at last it was the route of the Templar caravels once they had left La Rochelle to go some to Scotland and others, after refueling in Portugal, Central and South America. The caravels, once in Scotland, were also able to return to North America because the navigators of these Nordic countries had been on the way to the new world for a long time.

The objective of the papacy: defending the Bible

For the Papacy, the prohibition to go to America was in line with two major objectives: to avoid the Bible being contradicted by the history of human beings who came from the blue planet and to hide the fact that the Temple Organization survived in Central and South America by coming to strengthen and develop the Inca civilization much more advanced than that of Europe, locked under the weight of obscure dogmas by the Church of Rome.

On the second voyage, Columbus recounts that he was followed by a French ship

However, on the second voyage, Columbus recounts that he was followed by a French ship and had to maneuver to escape. Pinzon had made his report to the French sailors who took the succession of the Templar fleet. These Norman and Breton sailors who were soon going to set up the flibust against the Spanish and Portuguese ships, had the keys of the Americas but for them it was out of the question to hand them over to a king and even less to the pope.

It is because the official recognition of the papacy’s discovery of the new world has had very important consequences that have shaped European political life almost to the present day.

Tordesillas, the Pope shares the world

to prohibit the return of the network organization.

When Columbus succeeded in his travels, he soon ran into hostility from his superiors. When Columbus returned, the papacy, wishing to anticipate future discoveries, shared with remarkable knowledge and commendable speed the new world between Spanish and Portuguese. And the latter, thanks to their secret card, had allowed themselves to request a tiny correction which would then give them possession of all Brazil.

The Treaty of Tordesillas in June 1494

In June 1494, at the Treaty of Tordesillas, the line between the two parts of the globe attributed respectively to Castile and Portugal, fixed on 4 May 1494 by a bubble of Pope Alexander VI, was postponed to three hundred and seventy leagues west of Cape Verde. As a result, Brazil falls into the reserved domain of Portugal.

In this treaty, the papacy forbade any other sailor to go to America without prior authorization from Rome. This was a way of dismissing the French sailors who, for at least four hundred years, had been secretly trading with the new world with the Templar fleet, so as not to hit the papal power head on.

In the following chapter we present this Treaty of Tordesillas in more detail.

For now, let us turn our attention to the pope who reacted so swiftly to Christopher Columbus’ alleged discovery of the American continent on behalf of the Queen of Spain.

The French sailors resisted the Pope’s decision and organized the flibatist.

Immediately, the captains of the ships of the French ports transgressed this order of the pope and they organized themselves to lead the flibuste: the attack on all Portuguese and Spanish ships returning from America.

Better still, French buccaneers led expeditions to destroy Portuguese and Spanish colonies. It is not surprising to learn now that the most famous and wealthiest buccaneer was a shipowner from Dieppe named Trébutor because Dieppe is indeed the port in which the map of the new world is transmitted between the Normans and the Templars. Supported discreetly by François I, these shipowners worked for their own account without forming a royal French navy. Very soon, European political life was organized to take advantage of the wealth of the new world plundered by the Portuguese and Spanish.

Official release of the New World map in Saint-Dié

A first act of resistance against the orders of the papacy was the official disclosure of the map of the new world by a French leader.

After Columbus, Magellan also copied it a few years later in Portugal and in 1507 the Duke of Lorraine, René II had it published by the Vosges Gymnasium, this on the instruction of the King of France who was interested in the conquest of Canada and it was in Saint-Dié that the name of America was given to this new world after the disdain of a monk passionate about geography who had read the accounts of America Vespuci, proposed the name of America.

The Eichhoffenois Mathias Ringmann embodies the enlightened spirit of the Renaissance. Passionate about geography, it was his collaboration with the Vosges Gymnasium that made him go down in history, when he helped to name the New World “America”. Mathias Ringmann was born in Eichhoffen around 1481-1482. He studied theology and mathematics at the University of Heidelberg before leaving for Paris where he learned Greek and cosmography. Then he returned to Strasbourg in 1503, then one of the largest printing centers in Europe, to work as a proofreader for various printers.

In 1507, Mathias Ringmann joined the Vosges Gymnasium, a group of intellectuals passionate about cosmography based in Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, under the protection of Duke René II of Lorraine. There he met the scholar Martin Waldseemüller and the printer Gautier Lud, who were then preparing a new edition of Ptolemy’s Geography. They published the Cosmographiae Introductio, a printed work accompanied by a large map of the world: the first made with the printing technique! In it they claim that “the fourth part of the globe” was found by Amerigo Vespucci and that, for this reason, it can be called “Americi terra sive America” (“The land of the Americas, or America”). The name “America” thus appears for the first time.

Later this monk understood that his error was minimal because the name given by the navigators to this continent to which they were going following the morning star, the Merica, was indeed the correct name but that his explanation was false. It was the continent of the descendants of the Mérica, of the blue planet and not the continent found by Amérigo Vespuci.

Christopher Columbus’ sad fate.

Before we go into history, let’s finish the story of Christopher Columbus. What consideration could the papacy still give to a navigator who had still not understood that he should be silent and not go back there again?

The history of Columbus was manipulated to hide the Andean civilization.

Columbus was told that he still believed he had reached the Asian Indies through the Atlantic Ocean, while his superiors and the navigator knew that he had reached the continent of the Vikings and Templars without meeting any trace of their descendants. But Asia, China silk was known.

This Andean and Central American civilization was not to compete with ours and to show the much lower standard of living in Europe, which would feed the challenge of the Catholic system of power and the monarchical systems of power. She could not contradict the Bible and the dogmas of the Fathers of the Roman Church.

Christopher Columbus’ fake discovery of the Americas.

So this lie about Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas, this sham was preferred to reality.

The polite ways in which Columbus wanted to maintain the natives deprived him of the protection of the king of Spain. Has he been mistaken for a new Templar acting in the manner of the elders towards these peoples?

Was he not of Jewish origin and should he not be excluded for this reason, he and his fellow disciples, from the fabulous trade that was to take place?

Was he not a child of Genoa who, together with Venice, had profited from the fall of the Order of the Temple to become considerably richer, and was this sailor of Genoa not a descendant of those responsible for importing the Black Death into Europe? Was he not allied by his marriage to the successors of the Knights Templar, and had his three caravels not been armed with funds from this order?

Didn’t they wear on their great sails, the pattée cross of the Templars?

Was it not a clear attempt by the successors of this order to regain primacy in politics, and through this journey, to meet the last descendants of the exiled Templars to show them to the kings of Europe and the Pope as a successful example of the validity of the networked economy from which the West had been banned?

Could this journey not be the beginning of a cultural revolution capable of re-establishing a social network organization causing the disappearance of royalties and empires to found a real marriage of cultures?

Did the kings of the West understand that with the strong way they could obtain even more money and wealth than the Templars had brought back with their most regular trade?

In any case, it was profitable for the powerful of the West to sweep away and forget the Vikings and the Templars, their civilizing enterprises, as they ransacked these peoples to satisfy their greed.

The history of this new continent should therefore begin only with Columbus, especially not before and again, not with any of the Columbus, a preferably ignorant and naive good!

But Columbus, who knew the history of the map transcribed by the Templars, did he ignore the history of the Templars, the history of the sign that the sails of his caravels carried while following the morning star, the Merica? Can this be or is it just another lie of the powerful of the time?.

Columbus should not have known where he was going.

It is certain that Columbus was disappointed by the fact that he had not found the temple possessions of South America because he had not taken the route of the South sufficiently or because he had to accept the will of his ignorant crews not to continue the expedition after the relay stop of the Caribbean islands, a disappointment greatly increased when he realized that he was forbidden any connection with the prior experience of the Templars and that this prohibition came from certain captains of ships like Pinzon who knew them the path and the history that Columbus should not know.

Columbus is an example of the anti-hero who served the rulers of his time.

The imposture of Columbus was not only used to cover up the abuses committed against the natives of America more civilized than the cruel Spanish bands. It also served to obscure any survival of the Templars on this continent as well as the very symbol of their knowledge which was the basis of their incomparable radiance during this period: knowledge of the Merica. This influence was even more widespread outside Europe, in South America where no king came to stop their humanist projects.

Columbus is an example of the anti hero: as in the case of a brave and wise man, but whose rulers of his day used him for their own interests. Columbus remains a discoverer manipulated by official and occult powers and who never had the complete knowledge necessary to run his business freely. He set up the action without the knowledge, without the global knowledge.

The first contacts between Europeans and natives in the American New World

Document: Excerpts from Howard Zinn’s excellent book, A Popular History of the United States from 1492 to the Present.

In the beginning were conquest, slavery and death. The first contacts between Europeans and natives

“Characters peculiar to Western civilization as to its first emissary in the Americas: Christopher Columbus. Doesn’t Columbus himself write: “As soon as I arrived in India, on the first island I met, I seized myself by the force of some natives so that they would inform me and give me details of everything that could be found in the vicinity”?

The information that primarily interests Columbus is summarized as follows: where is the gold? He had persuaded the King and Queen of Spain to finance an expedition to the lands on the other side of the Atlantic and the riches he expected to find there — gold and spices from India and Asia. Like any cultured individual of that time, Columbus knows that the Earth is round and that it is possible to sail west to reach the Far East.

In reality, imagining the world smaller than it really is, Columbus would never have reached Asia, which was thousands of kilometers from the position indicated by his calculations. Had it not been particularly fortunate, it would have wandered through the vast sea. Yet, about a quarter of the actual distance, between Europe and Asia, he encountered an unknown, unlisted land: Americas. This occurred in early October 1492, thirty-three days after the expedition had crossed the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa. Already, we had seen branches and pieces of wood floating on the surface of the ocean and flying groups of birds: signs of a near land. Finally, on 12 October, a sailor named Rodrigo, having seen the light of dawn reflected on white sand, signaled the earth. It was an island in the Bahamas archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. The first man who saw land was supposed to receive a perpetual annuity of 10,000 Maravedis. Rodrigo never received this money. Christopher Columbus claimed that he himself saw a light the night before and pocketed the reward.

Thus, as the shore approached, the Europeans were joined by the Arawak Indians who came to welcome them by swimming. These Arawaks lived in village communities and cultivated a rather refined crop of corn, yam and cassava. They knew how to spin and weave, but they did not know the horse and did not use animals for plowing. Although they were ignorant of steel, they nevertheless wore small gold jewels to their ears.

Colomb débarque dans les Antilles

This detail was going to have huge consequences: Columbus retained some Arawaks aboard his ship and insisted that they take him to the source of the gold. He then sailed to present-day Cuba, then to Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic). There, traces of gold at the bottom of the rivers and a gold mask presented to Christopher Columbus by a local chef inspired crazy visions for Europeans.

Based on the exalted report and the abusive promises of Christopher Columbus, the second expedition brought together seventeen buildings and more than twelve hundred men. The objective was perfectly clear: bring back slaves and gold. The Spanish went from island to island in the Caribbean Sea to capture Indians. As their true intentions quickly became apparent, they found more and more villages deserted by their inhabitants. In Haiti, the sailors left at Fort Navidad had been killed by the Indians after they had traveled the island in small groups in search of gold and with the intention of abducting the women and children they had enslaved — for work as well as to satisfy their sexual appetites.

The beginning of the slave trade to Spain

Columbus sent an expedition on an inland expedition. It was definitely not a gold paradise, but it was absolutely necessary to send a cargo of any interest to Spain. In 1495, the Spaniards organized a large slave hunt and gathered a thousand five hundred Arawaks—men, women and children—to park in pens under the supervision of men and dogs. The Europeans selected the best five hundred “specimens”, which they embarked on their ships. Two hundred of them died during the voyage. The survivors were, upon their arrival in Spain, put on sale as slaves by the Archdeacon of the neighborhood who noted that, although they were “as naked as at the day of their birth”, they did not seem “more embarrassed than beasts”. Columbus, for his part, wished to send, “in the name of the Holy Trinity, as many slaves as he [could] sell himself”.

Hunting for gold on the island of Hispaniola becomes genocide.

But too many slaves died in captivity. So Columbus, desperate to be able to pay dividends to the expedition’s promoters, felt obliged to honor his promise to fill the holds of his ships with gold. In the Haitian province of Cicao, where he and his men thought they would find gold in abundance, they compelled all individuals aged fourteen years and older to collect each quarter a determined quantity of gold. The Indians who fulfilled this contract received a copper token which they had to hang around their necks. Every Indian caught without that talisman had his hands cut off and was bled to death.

Since the task assigned to them was impossible, all the gold in the vicinity being reduced to a few glitter in the bed of the streams, they regularly fled. The Spaniards would then throw the dogs at them and execute them.


Las Casas tells us that when he arrived in Hispaniola in 1508, “sixty thousand people lived on this island, including Indians. Three million people were victims of war, slavery and mining between 1494 and 1508. Who among future generations could believe such a thing? I myself, who write this as an eyewitness, am almost incapable of it.”


end of document.

The conquistadores, criminals of the papacy.

When the Spanish conquered Mexico, they went from one surprise to another. They found better ordered cities than those in Europe, palaces and temples more beautiful than those in Seville or Zaragoza. Indigenous mores were polished, and their libraries filled with incomparable works. Astronomy was as advanced as in Salamanca.The houses had toilets with running water whereas a hundred years later Versailles was built ignoring these construction techniques, hygiene and hygiene.

Spanish conquest and Tlaxcaltec war of liberation: the end of the Aztec Empire (1519-1521)

Document :

It took just over two years for the Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortez to capture Mexico City and destroy the powerful Aztec Empire, even though it was at its peak.

A few hundred men – it is true armed with arquebuses and cannons – against tens of thousands of warriors, certainly equipped with weapons made of wood, bone and obsidian…

Can technological superiority alone explain the incredible success of the Spaniards?

Not really, actually.

Because Cortez’s troops benefited from the decisive support of tens of thousands of warriors as brave as the Aztec warriors: the Totonacs first of all; then and especially the Tlaxcaltecs.

The latter were in fact the sworn enemies of the Aztecs from whom they suffered terrible raids. Also, they quickly made an alliance with the Spaniards (from 1519) whom they took in after their crushing defeat at Noche Triste.

Thanks to the support of their powerful allies, the Spaniards were able to redress a balance of power which was frankly unfavorable to them at the start of their campaign.

Finally, during the conquest of Mexico, the rejection of Aztec imperialism weighed as heavily – and perhaps more – than the Iberian cannons…

Cortez et ses alliés mexicains détruisent l'empire aztèque

Photo: Hernan Cortez and La Malinche at the head of the Spanish army. Codex Azcatitlan, author and date unknown. The codex is now kept in the National Library of France.

source : Storia Mundi

carte de la conquête de l'Amérique par les espagnols

Montézuma talks about his ancestors, white men from the seas.

Cortez heard Montézuma tell him about his ancestors, the white men who came from the seas who had civilized the country, brought the Greek cross and the Temple cross and some of whose rare descendants still wore the color of skin. Three hundred conquistadores were able to subject two million Aztecs almost without combat because they had understood that they came from the same countries as the former founders of their society.

Could the Spanish soldiers understand the drawings of men in scuba diving whose Bolivian legend, around the world’s highest lake, tells that they had very white skin and blue blood, that they came from the blue planet?

Stronger still, the Spaniards found a profusion of crosses. In Guatulco, Juan de Cervantes, Bishop of Oaxaca, had a cross erected as it was in the cathedral he had just built, which the conquistadores attributed to an apostle who had come to evangelize the region and whose image was etched on a rock next to the cross. This also explains the turnaround of the Spanish clerics who, once they understood that they were facing the work of the Templars, then began to destroy all those vestiges of a forbidden culture that they rejected in the past.

The land of blue-blooded white men from the blue planet

Did they also understand that the Vikings and the Templars had in fact only found the country where the white blue-blooded men from the blue planet, the men who taught the Earthlings, had first settled?

Did they understand that on this continent of the descendants of Merica, they were in contact with a story capable of destroying forever that of the Bible and capable of causing them all to perish on the pyres of the Inquisition?

In this pretext may reside the major justification of the papacy to cover the genocide of 70 million Indians so much that this history threw down all the literature of the Judaic Bible and the claim to consider Jerusalem as a cradle of human spiritual wisdom.

The monks and knights of the Temple, by possessing the manuscripts removed from the temple of Jerusalem, were able to know the filiation of secret knowledge since the Egyptian civilization, they were able especially to recognize among the descendants of Horus and Isis those human beings with white skin and blue blood coming from the continent disappeared during the last great cataclysm.

By also owning a colony in Peru and Bolivia, helping the Inca people to develop, they had also, following the route of the Merica, found the cradle of this civilization of the extinct continent.

They had all the evidence to demonstrate the necessity of their network organization capable of marrying cultures to respect the primacy of the human being in a social organization, to demonstrate the harmful and sectarian character of political and religious powers fighting for the survival of their dogmas by destroying foreign cultures.

The papacy ordered the total destruction of the Andean civilization

These incomprehensible destructions by the clergy were carried out on the higher orders of the papacy, which wanted to erase all memories of the Templars and perhaps already of the men with blue blood, memories which demonstrated the beneficial social success of the Templar organization, while the papacy did not cease to clash with the kingdoms of Europe and with the movements of dissent of believers who did not support its claims of theocratic, dogmatic and temporal powers.

Charles V admired the works of art in precious metal that his ships brought back from the Americas, but all understood that no European silversmith was capable of such a work. The King of Spain admired the evidence of the shortcomings and inadequacies of European civilization compared to that of the Americas and the Andes. To avoid any dispute and to continue the plundering of the riches across the Atlantic, on the advice of the papacy, he gave the order to melt these works of art on the spot and to bring back on the ships only gold and silver ingots. Which also helped the buccaneers…

After the discovery of the Spanish conquistadores and missionaries, the comparison between the success of the Templars and the bankruptcy of the papacy became unbearable in the eyes of Rome. Everything had to be destroyed so that this example would never come to comfort the protesters of the papal and royal order in Europe.

The papacy was aided by the kings and the king of Spain took immediate advantage of it since it was allowed to bring back all the gold that his armies found, once this gold melted and disappeared all compromising traces of Indian, Christian and Templar symbols!

Nearly 70 million Indians were exterminated during the conquest and destruction of their empire and several centuries of ferocious slavery, mainly through forced labor in mines and contact with European diseases. This genocide ten times greater than the Holocaust remains hidden and taboo for our Western powers.

The preservation of the power of the papacy and the unbridled satisfaction of the golden thirst of some kings have sealed for centuries the silence on this genocide conducted for the greater glory of a European Christ more collector of crimes than all the Aztec and Inca gods combined!

Both the kings and the papacy had come to understand the threat that the organization had posed to their political organizations by presenting a new solution to the unquestionable social success on the American continent and in the Andes

In Europe, as soon as the order was dissolved, the cathedrals lacked funding, and the companions of Solomon who built them were only interested in finishing one arrow according to the original plans, taking an oath in memory of the Temple never to build the second. Most cathedrals completed after 1307 had only one arrow instead of the two originally planned. Gold and silver no longer came from America, and from now on the papacy forbade anything that had to do with knowledge of this Andean and Mexican civilization.

The day when Magellan “found” 3 meter giants in Patagonia

In the mystery of the Andes there is the indication of a people of giants. They are a human species created during a final genetic manipulation of visitors from another planet to restore human life to Earth after a new planetary catastrophe. Among the human species created, the giants managed to survive despite the fact that their size and metabolism were not best suited to life on Earth. To prevent their mortal remains from leaving traces of their DNA which would be used for the reproduction of their species, the legend of the Andes says that at the end of their life, they rushed into the crater of an active volcano to disappear. for ever.

Our human species, best adapted to life on Earth, had the power and the right to eliminate other ultimately unadapted species, hence the rites of sacrifice of these poorly adapted human species. Once this period of elimination was completed, the human species abandoned these rites or celebrated them differently. The example of the Bible relates the case of Abraham who had to sacrifice a sheep and no longer one of his children.

The Egyptians and the peoples of Asia, the Celts, knew this question of the species of giants and its origin as well as its disastrous destiny. Theocratic religions have banned this knowledge contrary to their dogma of a perfect divinity who created a perfect world. Yet ancient explorers encountered these giants. During the Spanish and Portuguese maritime expeditions to the American continent, at least one encounter took place in Patagonia between Magellan and giants.

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In 1520, Fernand de Magellan took the time, in his global navigation program, to stop in what is today Patagonia, where he encountered giants…

At the end of March 1520, as the cold began to be felt, Magellan, who had reached 49° 30′ south latitude, prepared to winter in the bay of San Julián. It was there that he discovered the famous Patagons.

The place was not very busy. Two months had passed since the anchorage had been chosen and never had a native appeared on the shore. Pigafetta then writes:

“However, one day, without anyone thinking about it, we saw a giant who was on the seashore quite naked, and he was dancing and jumping and singing, and while singing he put sand and dust on his head. “

Because, according to Pigafetta, Magellan’s expedition would indeed have encountered giants. Their stature was impressive; we were able to compare ourselves to them:

“He was so tall that the tallest of us only came up to his waist. He was really well built.”

As Léonce Peillard points out, the crews were not only made up of southerners: 15 French people (19 for others) participated in the expedition. “All nationalities are represented: Spaniards and Portuguese in the majority, Italians and French, Belgians, two Englishmen, one German.” There must have been, among a total of 265 or 270 men, some particularly tall individual. But the giant that Pigafetta describes has only dwarves around him. And this native has companions who we see appear, gradually, over the following days.

When he was discovered, he was naked, but he was seen, shortly after, in his ordinary attire: “When he was brought to the Captain, he was dressed in the skin of a certain animal sewn very subtly. (…) This giant had his feet covered with the skin of the said beast in the shape of shoes, and he carried in his hand a short and large bow. These curious shoes, which caught the attention of Europeans, are certainly at the origin of the name that was attributed to the natives. Pigafetta declares, a little further on, without comment:

“All nationalities are represented: Spaniards and Portuguese in the majority, Italians and French, Belgians, two Englishmen, one German (…)6 “

10There must have been, among a total of 265 or 270 men, some particularly tall individual. But the giant that Pigafetta describes has only dwarves around him. And this native has companions who we see appear, gradually, over the following days. When he was discovered, he was naked, but he was seen, shortly after, in his ordinary attire:

“The captain called this way of people Pataghoni.” The feet, shod in these guanaco skin moccasins, must have appeared larger, hence the nickname Patagöe or pata goa which was given to the Indian. The tribe then received the name Patagonians and the country was called Patagonia. According to Paul Groussac, the word comes rather from pata de cão (‘dog’s paw’). This hypothesis seems attractive, especially considering that Magellan was of Portuguese origin.

les géants de Patagonie rencontrés par Magellan et son expédition

After the sinking of one of his five ships (the Santiago), Magellan had to undergo a mutiny, led by Juan de Cartagena (the captain of the San Antonio). He managed to get out of the situation and harshly suppressed the revolt. Then resumed the search for the strait. On November 28, three ships arrived in the Pacific Ocean: the Trinidad, the Victoria and the Concepción. The fourth, the San Antonio, had deserted and headed for Spain. Pigafetta specifies:

“In that ship which went and returned was one of the aforesaid two giants which we had taken, which, when it felt the heat, died.”

He therefore remained a giant next to Magellan. Pigafetta took the opportunity to establish, by “conversing” with him, a lexicon which he entitled: “Vocabularies of the Pathagonian giants”. He notes 90 words there which he translates. This Patagonian that we were taking to Spain also perished; scurvy was wreaking havoc and around thirty patients had been identified:

“When this giant was ill – he writes – he asked for the cross and embraced it and kissed it hard. He wanted to become a Christian in the face of his death, and we named him Paul.”

The Patagonian giants are therefore not creatures quickly seen on the shore. Some lived with the members of the expedition. So how can we doubt their existence? Pigafetta’s account spread the news. It was a great success.

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The stories of the Vikings and the Templars in the Andes are no longer accessible or, if they exist, remain shrouded in secrecy. This account of Magellan’s expedition is therefore precious.

The maritime expeditions to the Andes from the naval base in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in connection with the Iroquois, had as their aim the rediscovery of this original civilization and of Tiahuanaco, the oldest city of humanity, where the Visitors carried out these experiments to create different human species and repopulate the Earth with human beings equipped with knowledge left as a legacy by this extra-terrestrial civilization. Portuguese navigators, like Magellan, successors of the Templar fleet after 1307, knew this mystery of the Andes and they encountered it. 15 or 19 French sailors were members of this expedition. Did they come from Normandy, Saint-Valéry en Caux, Dieppe, La Rochelle, these ports of the Templar fleet?

The map of Piri Reis fascinates historians

To complete this document on the conquest of the New World and the maps navigators used at that time, we add the map of Piri Reis that dates from the same period.


la carte de Piri Reis découverte en 1929 à Istanbul dans le palais de Topkapi

Map of Piri Reis Discovered in 1929 during the restoration of Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, the map of Piri Reis fascinates historians. Dated 1513, it accurately represents the coasts of Africa and South America on perfect longitudes. Except, in the 16th century, we didn’t yet know how to calculate exact geographic coordinates. On this map we can also see part of Antarctica… continent officially discovered only in 1818. A discovery that puts all the knowledge of humanity into question.

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