The CASE Of ONE SUB-CONTRACTING AUTOMOBILE IN 1993

 

This factory counted up to 1 200 paid in the years 1970. It is aluminium smelting works under pressure. Its founder is of Suisse origin, probably protesting. He has another factory in Switzerland on the side of Delémont, Saint-Ursanne... Its descendants separate the French and Swiss activities. In France, the descendants try about 1970 a diversification in the plastic moulding but they do not manage to manage this new activity and are obliged to resell these factories with specialists. As these companies work exclusively for the car manufacturers, mainly for the local manufacturer installed with Sochaux, these industrial reorganizations directed by the local car manufacturer pass without negative social consequences.

Then in the years 1970, after this failure, the shareholders of the foundry: the descendants of the founder and the notable allied buildings of the family, let the industrial tool age and become obsolete. In the years 1980, the car manufacturer must him also react and it reorganizes its network of subcontracting by externalisant manufacture that its under treating can better do than him. The shareholders of the foundry do not want to invest however any more and are not able to follow the technological developments. The best engineers, technicians and workmen, including/understanding what occurs, hasten to leave the factory to join the companies which reorganize and invest in new technologies. Middle of the years 1980, the factory is in liquidation. A young company organized in the repurchase of the factories in bankruptcy, takes again the business and lays off all the brains trust to the foremen in the workshops, this to change the mentality of the personnel quickly and to cut the bonds with the former shareholders always present downtown and always notable in the area.

This group of transferees has for principal shareholder a descendant of a family of silky of Lyon. This family wishes to place a part of her fortune in new industries to benefit from the economic development. Quickly this shareholder will not be able to follow the directives of the car manufacturers to finance the acquisition of new goods of production, to reorganize the workshops in small islands of production specialized by customers, to put on line the machines: presses, centre holes, assembly workshops of subsets, etc. Like the market of aluminium has an output higher than the request, foundries continue to close in Europe. The chance of the factory is its geographical proximity with the assembly lines of Sochaux and Mulhouse. The manufacturer wishes to keep this solution of reserve and this security of supply. As the shareholder cannot follow any more, while waiting for the sale of the factory to another industrial group, it sets up with the authorities of the financial assistances in order to try to save its right of ownership on the factory.

Whereas the local car manufacturer imposes the realization of profits of productivity of 5% per annum over three years and decreases by as much his purchase price of the production, the company of foundry will use all the possible government aid: factoring, lease back on the buildings repurchased by the General Council within the framework of measurements to save employment, separation of workshops which must be constituted in companies independent and swarming of their personnel. Lastly, as that is not enough, the company obtains a moratorium on the payment of its social contributions. In light, to finance the profits of productivity required of the car manufacturer, the authorities preferred to let dig the deficit of the Social security, knowing that at the time of an economic revival, the car manufacturer in the absence of the shareholders of the foundry, by the increase in his taxes and the recruitings related to this recovery, would refund the state and the Social security. 

This shareholder going down from a family from silky of Lyon could only reorganize the factory on a new break-even point calculated either starting from a manpower of 400 paid but of 280 paid, this in order to guarantee with the new purchaser a rate of profitability of 5%, and to benefit from this reorganization to present an appreciation so as to be able as much as possible to recover the sum of 80 million Franks which it had spent to buy the factory.

The new purchaser, a regional group specialized in the foundry, will take again the factory and the financial and social troubles will be finished. But less than 10 years later, during the autumn 2002, the foundry is informed that it will cease its production if a transferee does not appear because the group does not make a point any more of continuing its exploitation.

The only question which remainder is: was it necessary to accept this moratorium on the social contributions and these public subsidies to make it possible to this shareholder to defend his individual right of property? Is this as well as the risk of company which takes any head of undertaking and any shareholder, must be managed by the republic? Only within the framework of the right of personal property? By denying the common interest of the contractor and the employees, suppliers and customers, the latter energy being injured through the liquidation of the contractor? There was not another more economic solution for the authorities, for the money of the taxpayers and the employees? Will these measurements have to save the company if as well is as a continuation of even insufficient very average activity during 8 to 9 years can be called a rescue of company?  Obviously that there was another but it would have made an important modification in the appreciation of the right of ownership of an industrialist or of majority shareholder in a company. The state, the French Republic once more preferred the opposition to progress in the management of its institutions and mainly here legal. While waiting for the resumption of the profits, it is to the citizens to pay in order to preserve an economic system which in ordinary time ensures uses, incomes and satisfaction of their economic needs to them. Should it be concluded from it that the state to defend its collective ownership must defend the personal property initially in order not to allow least space the Community property which would represent the interests of people here living in this basin of employment?

We point out that 1994 were in France, the year of the peak of unemployment and that of the doubling of the unemployment of the executives: 80 000 frameworks with unemployment for the approximately 30 000 years previous. It is clear that the new purchaser of the factory changed the team of the Management Committee of the factory. In 1994, some were indeed with unemployment. In 2004, without being a soothsayer, there are strong chances that all are it also... Others in Portugal or in the Eastern European countries will take the changing and these industrialists will be perhaps greeted by our leaders or our makers of opinions as being managers who can take risks with export, which can manage the IDE (direct investments abroad). It will remain with the executives, technicians, workmen, French employees to found companies in the economy noncommercial and organized in networks... and to defend those against those which will claim that they come to ruin their capitalist companies. The poet who worked in the medium of them and like them with the success of the reorganization of the company, on this site, opens the way to them... 

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